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Opening hours:


Museum of History "Iskra"

every day from 9:00 to 17:30


Museum of Roses /Rosarium park/

every day from 9:00 to 17:30


Kazanlak Tomb /replica/
every day from 9:00 to 17:00


Tomb of Seuthes III
every day from 9:00 to 17:00


Temple in mound Shushmanets

every day from 9:00 to 17:00

Temple in mound Ostrusha

every day from 9:00 to 17:00


Ethnographic museum Kulata
by appointment


Home Petko Staynov
Tuesday from 09:00 to 12:00 h.
Wednesday from 09:00 to 12:00 h. And from 13:00 to 18:00 h.
Thursday from 09:00 to 12:00 h. And from 13:00 to 18:00 h.
Friday from 13:00 to 18:00 h.
Saturday from 09:00 to 12:00 h. And from 13:00 to 18:00 h.


The temple-tombs "Helvetsiya" and "Grifoni" are closed until completion of the current project.

Early Bronze Age

The Early Bronze Age dates back to 3300 – 2000/1900 BC. It went through three stages of development defined as Lake A, Mihalich and Saint Kirilovo. The materials from this Age, which are presented in the museum’s exhibition, date back to the third, latest stage – St. Kirilovo.

The archeological excavations of the Kran village mound from the past years disclosed new information about the lifestyle and organization of the ancient societies of this age.

Inside the central part of the mound, which represents a natural hump, a big arched construction was examined. The building is located in Northern-Southern direction with an arch to the North. The walls were built in compliance with the traditional pole-fence technique with only the Western wall being covered with a stone “coat” aimed at protecting the building from the strongest winds coming from the West. This architectural design was first found in Thrace.

Plan of the apse building

In the building’s central part there is a big clay fireplace on the floor. Inside the internal arched area, three ceramic urns, laid in shallow pits, were discovered. In two of the urns people found bones of newly-born or even premature children. Anthropological materials were not found inside the third urn, but an animal’s bone was found nearby.  

Fireplace in the central part of the building

Funeral urns from the apse of the building

 

The back part of an extremely precise stone scepter with a handle hole was found in the Western half of the construction, on the floor. The building had social functions, probably related to the power of the prototsar-priest, or was a “residence” of the Valley’s ruler at the time.
Around the building scientists examined ritual pits filled with ceramic fragments, stone balls and millstone fragments. Between the pits one can find sacrificial sites (fireplaces), some of which have solid stone constructions.   

 

Sacrificial site - fireplace

 

Ritual pit, with ceramic balls

 

Examination of the cultural layer is not finished yet, but the results so far present the site in Kran as a unique complex for its time which was built at a relatively high location in the Valley during the early Bronze Age (it was built on a natural uphill). Inside the complex there was a synchronic pit sanctuary and a building with social functions, the inhabitants of which served the cult in the sanctuary. The facilities examined so far, which existed on natural hills in Thrace, had an important role in the social and religious life of the population at the time.

Another aspect of the examination represents the results as an important stage in determining the architectural construction in South-Eastern Europe during that period.

 

Head of department:

Desislava Andreeva

Ceramic vessel

Ceramic vessel

Ceramic vessel